Alexander, J. H., Walter Scott’s Books: Reading the Waverley Novels (New York; Abingdon: Routledge, 2017) [chapter on mottos] 
Barchas, Janine, Graphic Design, Print Culture, and the Eighteenth-Century Novel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003) 
Barney, Stephen A (ed.), Annotation and its Texts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991)
Clery, E.J., Women’s Gothic: from Clara Reeve to Mary Shelley, 2nd edn (Tavistock: Northcote House, 2004) [section on Ann Radcliffe’s epigraphs] 
Cronk, Nicholas, et al (eds), Les notes de Voltaire: Une écriture polyphonique (Voltaire Foundation, 2003)

Derrida, Jacques, ‘Living On’, (trans. James Hulbert), in Deconstruction and Criticism (New York: Continuum, 1979), 75-176

Dionne, Ugo, La voie au chapitre. Poétique de la disposition Romanesque (Paris: Seuil, 2008)

Duncan, Dennis, and Adam Smyth (eds), Book Parts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019) 
Edson, Michael (ed.), Annotation in Eighteenth-Century Poetry (Lehigh University Press, 2017)
Edwards, Elizabeth, ‘Footnotes to a Nation: Richard Llwyd’s Beaumaris Bay (1800)’ in Joanna Fowler and Allan Ingram(eds), Voice and Context in Eighteenth-Century Verse: Order in Variety (Palgrave, 2015), pp. 133-51

Genette, Gérard, Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation, trans. by Jane E. Lewin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997) 
Grafton, Anthony. The Footnote: A Curious History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997) 
Grutman, Rainier, ‘Quoting Europe: Mottomania in the Romantic Age’, in Time Refigured: Myths, Foundation Texts and Imagined Communities, ed. by Martin Procházka and Ondřej Pilný (Prague: Litteraria Pragensia, 2005), pp. 281-95 
Howells, Coral Ann, Love, Mystery and Misery: Feeling in Gothic Fiction (London: Bloomsbury, 2013) [contains an interesting interpretation of the first epigraph in Lewis’s The Monk
Jacobs, Edward, ‘Ann Radcliffe and Romantic Print Culture’, in Ann Radcliffe, Romanticism, and the Gothic, ed. by Dale Townshend and Angela Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. 49-66 [chapter on Radcliffe’s epigraphs] 
Labbe, Jacqueline, ‘“Transplanted into More Congenial Soil”: Footnoting the Self in the Poetry of Charlotte Smith,’ in Joe Bray, Miriam Handley, and Anne C. Henry (eds), Ma(r)king the Text (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 71-86

McAulay, Karen, Our Ancient National Airs: Scottish Song Collecting from the Enlightenment to the Romantic Era (Burlington, Vt: Ashgate, 2013) 

McLane, Maureen N., Balladeering, Minstrelsy, and the Making of British Romantic Poetry (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008) 

Metz, Bernhard, and Sabine Zubarik (eds), Am Rande bemerkt: Anmerkungspraktiken in literarischen Texten (Kadmos, 2008.

Moore, Steven, The Novel: An Alternative History 1600-1800 (London: Bloomsbury, 2013) 

Pfersmann, Andréas. Séditions infrapaginales: Poétique historique de l’annotation littéraire, XVIIe-XXIe siècles (Droz, 2011)

Pollack-Pelzner, Daniel, ‘Quoting Shakespeare in the British Novel’, in Shakespeare and Quotation, ed. by Julie Maxwell and Kate Rumbold (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018), pp. 136-155 

Porter, Dahlia, Science, Form, and the Problem of Induction in British Romanticism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018) 

Price, Leah, The Anthology and the Rise of the Novel: From Richardson to George Eliot (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, repr. 2004) [section on epigraphs relating to Radcliffe, and reflected in Austen’s Northanger Abbey] 

Reinfandt, Christoph, ‘The Textures of Romanticism: Exploring Charlotte Smith’s “Beachy Head” (1807),’ in Anglistentag 2012 Potsdam: Proceedings, ed by Katrin Röder and Ilse Wischer (Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2013) pp. 99–114

Robinson, Charles E, ‘Byron’s Footnotes,’ in Byron: A Poet for all Seasons: Proceedings of the 25th International Byron Conference, ed by M. Byron (Raizis: Messolonghi Byron Society, 2000), pp. 110–19

Rounce, Adam, “Annotation,” in Gary Day and Jack Lynch (eds), The Encyclopedia of British Literature 1660-1789, 3 vols (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015), I, 55
Rumbold, Kate, Shakespeare and the Eighteenth-Century Novel: Cultures of Quotation from Samuel Richardson to Jane Austen (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016) [lengthy chapter looking at Shakespeare quoted in Radcliffe/Gothic fiction] 

Séité, Yannick. Du livre au lire: La nouvelle Héloïse: Roman des Lumières, (Champion, 2002)

Watson, Alex, Romantic Marginality: Nation and Empire on the Borders of the Page (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2012) 

Whitehouse, Tessa, The Textual Culture of English Protestant Dissent 1720-1800 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015) 

—— and N. H. Keeble (eds), Textual Transformations: Purposing and Repurposing Books from Richard Baxter to Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019)

Wilkinson, Hazel, Edmund Spenser and the Eighteenth-Century Book (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017)

Williams, Seán M., Pretexts for Writing: German Romantic Prefaces, Literature, and Philosophy (New Brunswick, NJ: Bucknell University Press, 2019) 

—— ‘C.F. Gellert als Vorredner des Genies’, in Matthias Schaffrick and Marcus Willand (eds.), Theorien und Praktiken der Autorschaft (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 2014), pp. 333-62

Wirth, Uwe, Die Geburt des Autors aus dem Geist der Herausgeberfiktion: Editoriale Rahmung im Roman um 1800: Wieland, Goethe, Brentano, Jean Paul und E. T. A. Hoffmann (Fink, 2008)

Andrews, Corey E., ‘Footnoted Folklore: Robert Burn’s “Hallowe’en”’, Studies in Scottish Literature, 37: 1 (2013), 24-37

Benstock, Shari, ‘At the Margin of Discourse: Footnotes in the Fictional Text’, PMLA, 98: 2 (1983), 204-25 

Britton, Jeanne, ‘Fictional Footnotes, Novelistic Mediation, and Romantic Orientalism: Elizabeth Hamilton’s Translation of the Letters of a Hindoo Rajah’ European Romantic Review, 26L: 6 (Dec 2015), 773-87 

Broadhead, Alex, ‘Framing Dialect in the 1800 Lyrical Ballads: Wordsworth, Regionalisms, and Footnotes’, Language and Literature, 19: 3 (2010), 249-63

Chatsiou, Ourania, ‘Robert Southey’s “Old Curiosity-Shops”: “Common-Placing” and Paratext’, Working With English, 4: 1 (2008), 19–38

—— Lord Byron: Paratext and Poetics’, Modern Language Review, 109: 3 (2014), 640-62

Coole, Julia, ‘”Who shall now lead?”: The Politics of Paratexts in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Cantos I-II’, Romanticism, 24: 2 (2018), 148–57

Eddy, Matthew Daniel, ‘The Interactive Notebook: How Students Learned to Keep Notes during the Scottish Enlightenment’, Book History, 19 (2016), 87-131
Fetzer, Margret, ‘Beyond Beginning: Walter Scott’s (Para)textualization of Scottishness,’ Anglia, 128 (2010), 273-97 
Grutman, Rainier, ‘How to do Things with Mottoes: Recipes from the Romantic Era (with Special Reference to Stendhal)’, Neohelicon, 37: 1 (June 2010), 139-53 
Haber, Tom B., ‘The Chapter-Tags in the Waverley Novels’, PMLA, 45: 4 (December 1930), 1140-49 
Howard, Alex, ‘The Pains of Attention: Paratextual Reading in Practical Education and Castle Rackrent’, Nineteenth-Century Literature, 69: 3 (2014),293-318.
Knezevich, Ruth, ‘Females and Footnotes: Excavating the Genre of Eighteenth-Century Women’s Scholarly Verse’, ABO: Aphra Behn Online (August 2016) (

—— ‘The Empire of the Page: Footnotes in Byron’s The Giaour’, Essays in Romanticism 24: 1 (2016)

Levine, Alice, ‘Byronic Annotations’, The Byron Journal, 35: 2 (2007), 125–36

Nixon, Cheryl, ‘Ann Radcliffe’s Commonplace Book: Assembling the Female Body and the Material Text’, Women’s Writing, 22: 3 (2015), 355-75 

Pasanek, Brad and Chad Wellmon, ‘The Enlightenment Index’, The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation, 56: 3 (2015), 359-38

Ramtke, Nora and Seán M. Williams, Special number: Das Erblühen der Blumenlesen. German Anthologies, 1700-1850, German Life and Letters,70: 1 (2017)
Readioff, Corrina, ‘Paratext and Self-Promotion in The Memoirs of the First Forty-Five Years of the Life of James Lackington, Bookseller (1791)’, Journal of Eighteenth-Century Studies, 43: 2 (2020), 183-201  (

Rumbold, Valerie, ‘Interpretation, Agency, Entropy: Annotating Pope’s Dunciads‘, International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 11: 2 (2017), 174–98

Williams, Seán M., ‘Kant’s Novel Interpretation of History’, A Journal of Germanic Studies, 49: 2 (2013), 171-90

Internet resources 

Chan, Ina, Cassidy Holahan, and Dorothy Pierre-Louis, Geocoding Early Novels, [‘a collaborative project mapping specific locations mentioned in the title pages of novels from the long eighteenth century’]
Kvande, Marta, and Michael Faris (coder), Restoration Printed Fiction: 
A Comprehensive & Searchable Database of Fiction Printed 1660-1700,

Wilkinson, Hazel (principal investigator), Compositor [formerly Fleuron a Database of Eighteenth Century Printer’s Ornaments],

Zubraik, Sabine, and Bernhard Metz, Noten, Anmerkungen, Kommentare in literarischen Texten, [a bibliography of literary works that contain self-annotations]

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